Journal Articles

Satisfying America’s Fruit Gap: Summary of an Expert Roundtable on the Role of 100% Fruit Juice

June 15, 2017

Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Mario G. Ferruzzi, Victor L. Fulgoni III, Robert Murray, Elizabeth Pivonka, Taylor C. Wallace (2017). Satisfying America’s Fruit Gap: Summary of an Expert Roundtable on the Role of 100% Fruit Juice. Journal of Food Science.

Author Affiliations

Dept. of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A
Dept. Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition, North Carolina State Univ., Kannapolis, N.C., U.S.A
Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, Mich., U.S.A
Dept. of Human Sciences, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A
Produce for Better Health Foundation, Hockessin, Del., U.S.A
Dept. of Nutrition and Food Studies, George Mason Univ., Fairfax, Va., U.S.A
Think Healthy Group, LLC, Wash., DC, U.S.A


The 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recognize the role of 100% fruit juice in health and in helping people meet daily fruit recommendations and state that 100% fruit juice is a nutrient-dense beverage that should be a primary choice, along with water and low-fat/fat-free milk. The DGAs note that children are consuming 100% fruit juice within recommendations (that is, 120 to 180 mL/d for children aged 1 to 6 y and 236 to 355 mL/d for children aged 7 to 18 y). Evidence shows that compared to nonconsumers, those who consume 100% fruit juice come closer to meeting daily fruit needs and have better diet quality. In children, 100% fruit juice is associated with increased intakes of nutrients such as vitamin C, folate, and potassium. When consumed within the DGA recommendations, 100% fruit juice is not associated with overweight/obesity or childhood dental caries and does not compromise fiber intake. Preliminary data suggest that polyphenols in some 100% fruit juices may inhibit absorption of naturally occurring sugars. Given its role in promoting health and in helping people meet fruit needs, experts participating in a roundtable discussion agreed that there is no science-based reason to restrict access to 100% fruit juice in public health nutrition policy and programs such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Reducing or eliminating 100% fruit juice could lead to unintended consequences such as reduced daily fruit intake and increased consumption of less nutritious beverages (for example, sugar-sweetened beverages).

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