Replication of the effect of SLC2A9 genetic variation on serum uric acid levels in American Indians. European Journal of Human Genetics. December 2013 [Epub ahead of print] Voruganti VS, Franceschini N, Haack K, Laston S, Maccluer JW, Umans JG, Comuzzie AG, North KE, Cole SA.
Department of Nutrition and Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC; Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA.
Increased serum uric acid (SUA) or hyperuricemia, a risk factor for gout, renal and cardiovascular diseases, is caused by either increased production or decreased excretion of uric acid or a mix of both. The solute carrier protein 2 family, member 9 (SLC2A9) gene encodes a transporter that mediates urate flux across the renal proximal tubule. Genome-wide association studies have consistently shown the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene with SUA in majority populations. American Indian participants of the Strong Heart Family Study, belonging to multigenerational families, have high prevalence of hyperuricemia. We conducted measured genotype analyses, based on variance components decomposition method and accounting for family relationships, to assess whether the association between SUA and SLC2A9 gene polymorphisms generalized to American Indians (n=3604) of this study. Seven polymorphisms were selected for genotyping based on their association with SUA levels in other populations. A strong association was found between SLC2A9 gene polymorphisms and SUA in all centers combined (P-values: 1.3 × 10-31-5.1 × 10-23) and also when stratified by recruitment center; P-values: 1.2 × 10-14-1.0 × 10-5. These polymorphisms were also associated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate and serum creatinine but not albumin-creatinine ratio. In summary, the association of polymorphisms in the uric acid transporter gene with SUA levels extends to a new population of American Indians.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 4 December 2013; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2013.264.
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