Identification of Aortic Arch-Specific Quantitative Trait Loci for Atherosclerosis by an Intercross of DBA/2J and 129S6 Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. PLoS One. 2015 Feb 17, Kayashima Y1, Makhanova NA1, Matsuki K1, Tomita H1, Bennett BJ2, Maeda N1.
- Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.
- 2Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.
The genetic background of apolipoprotein E (apoE) deficient mice influences atherosclerotic plaque development. We previously reported threequantitative trait loci (QTL), Aath1-Aath3, that affect aortic arch atherosclerosis independently of those in the aortic root in a cross between C57BL6 apoEKO mice (B6-apoE) and 129S6 apoEKO mice (129-apoE). To gain further insight into genetic factors that influence atherosclerosis at different vascular locations, we analyzed 335 F2 mice from an intercross between 129-apoE and apoEKO mice on a DBA/2J genetic background (DBA-apoE). The extent of atherosclerosis in the aortic arch was very similar in the two parental strains. Nevertheless, a genome-wide scan identified two significant QTL for plaque size in the aortic arch: Aath4 on Chromosome (Chr) 2 at 137 Mb and Aath5 on Chr 10 at 51 Mb. The DBA alleles of Aath4 and Aath5 respectively confer susceptibility and resistance to aortic arch atherosclerosis over 129 alleles. Both QTL are also independent of those affecting plaque size at the aortic root. Genome analysis suggests that athero-susceptibility of Aath4 in DBA may be contributed by multiple genes, including Mertk and Cd93, that play roles in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and modulate inflammation. A candidate gene for Aath5 is Stab2, theDBA allele of which is associated with 10 times higher plasma hyaluronan than the 129 allele. Overall, our identification of two new QTL that affectatherosclerosis in an aortic arch-specific manner further supports the involvement of distinct pathological processes at different vascular locations.
- [PubMed – in process]