Wenliang Zhang, Wei Zhong, Qian Sun, Xinguo Sun & Zhanxiang Zhou (2018). Adipose-specific lipin1 overexpression in mice protects against alcohol-induced liver injury. Scientific Reports 8, 408.
Center for Translational Biomedical Research, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC, 28081, USA
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC, 28081, USA
Excessive fatty acid release from the white adipose tissue (WAT) contributes to the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Lipin1 (LPIN1), as a co-regulator of DNA-bound transcription factors and a phosphatidic acid (PA) phosphatase (PAP) enzyme that dephosphorylates PA to form diacylglycerol (DAG), is dramatically reduced by alcohol in the WAT. This study aimed at determining the role of adipose LPIN1 in alcohol-induced lipodystrophy and the development of ALD. Transgenic mice overexpressing LPIN1 in adipose tissue (LPIN1-Tg) and wild type (WT) mice were fed a Lieber-DeCarli alcohol or isocaloric maltose dextrin control liquid diet for 8 weeks. Alcohol feeding to WT mice resulted in significant liver damage, which was significantly alleviated in the LPIN1-Tg mice. Alcohol feeding significantly reduced epididymal WAT (EWAT) mass, inhibited lipogenesis, and increased lipolysis in WT mice, which were attenuated in the LPIN1-Tg mice. LPIN1 overexpression also partially reversed alcohol-reduced plasma leptin levels. In WT mice, alcohol feeding induced hepatic lipid accumulation and down-regulation of beta-oxidation genes, which were dramatically alleviated in the LPIN1-Tg mice. LPIN1 overexpression also significantly attenuated alcohol-induced hepatic ER stress. These results suggest that overexpression of LPIN1 in adipose tissue restores WAT lipid storage function and secretive function to alleviate alcohol-induced liver injury.